Constipation in dog: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Constipation in dogs is the condition of having difficulty in getting rid solid waste from the dog’s body. Most dogs will suffer from constipation at some time in their lifetime, and it’s normal that nothing to worry about it.

It’s quite easy to figure out whether your dog is constipated or not. When your dog has not pooped for an abnormal time, or much strain is placed on defecation, he or she is most likely constipated.  Symptoms of dog constipation are easy to observe, but it is of importance to watch closely on his elimination habits to make sure that he is straining to defecate rather than urinate. Often, owner may also be confused constipation with colitis, which is the condition that your dog will pass many small stools that contain mucus and/or blood.

Constipation in dog

Causes constipation in dogs:

Constipation in dogs can happenfor numbers of various reasons.

- With some breeds of dogs, constipation becomes difficulty than others. These kinds of dogs have corkscrew like tails that often have anatomical characteristics that trouble them with the normal defecation process, which is considered as chronic constipation problems in dogs.  Beside this, many middle-aged and older dogs are more likely to be affected by constipation.

- One of the most common causes is the failure to drink sufficient amount of water lack of exercise. It’s important that the owner should monitor his or her dog’s water intake in case the stools become dry and hard. The page could help you calculate how much water is required for your dog. In hot weather, this amount increases for every kind of dog, especially the active one. Also, exercises are encouraged to help your dog get more healthy life.

Constipation in dog - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

- Consuming foreign materials such as bone chips, hair, grass, cloth, paper, rocks could lead to acute and chronic constipation. The indigestible object combines with feces to form rocklike masses in the colon.

- The common use of many drugs in dogs causes constipation as a secondary effect. Surgery and iron supplements are also considered as the culprits of constipation in dogs.

- In older male dogs, constipation may be resulted from an enlarged prostate gland. The prostate gland is just below the colon. When it enlarges, it presses against the colon, narrow the path way. Otherwise, there could be a tumor on the prostate gland, which also narrows the colon. Neutering the dog and/or removing the tumor will usually correct these problems.

- Stress created by a change in routine or surroundings which cause the urge to defecate can be voluntarily overridden. Dogs develop such inhibitions during the time living inside. When living alone in the house for long periods, they often build up the urge to defecate. Being hospitalized, boarded, or taken on a trip, dogs are also reluctant to empty their bowels.

Treatment Constipation in dog:

The best way to deal with constipation in dogs is to prevent for it in advance. Provide your dogs with clean and fresh water all the time. As constipation associated with consuming foreign objects such as bone chips, it’s recommend that you keep your dog away from such source, giving them chewable and unharmed food.  Giving dogs exercise or playing outdoors could help them have better life and prevent constipation.

If your dog suffers from a normal constipation which means it only last for 1-2 days, you could apply following methods:

- Use a stool softener. A simple symptom of constipation in dogs could be well treated with softener which you could buy at per warehouse.

- Lubricate. An old remedy for lubricating the colon that is still in use today is mineral oil. Veterinarians usually recommend owner mix it in with food rather than feeding raw. Make sure to follow dosage instructions to the letter to avoid further complications.- Change his diet. Fiber is advised to add to dog’s food. Fiber is not absorbed by the dog’s digestive tract and continues on to the colon where it adds to the volume of stool. This boosts volume transmits strong sensory stimulation to the colon, encouraging it to clear.

If your dog’s constipation lasts for a day or two but recurs, again, it is better that you see your veterinarian. A recurrence means the problem turns out to be more complicated and require either medical intervention or permanent changes to your dog’s diet or lifestyle.

Chronic constipation is known as obstipation. This is a very regretful situation. The colon becomes bigger as it retains hard stool more and more. A dog with obstipation will be extremely uncomfortable, although it may try so hard but still unsuccessfully to poop. Unless intervention, the dog’s appetite is lost, thus making him feels no energetic and begins to vomit.

Bases on the situation’s severity, intervention can mean IV fluids for hydration and an enema to clear the colon. Often, a second round is needed to clean stool that was packed into inaccessible areas of the bowel during the first procedure.

Surgical treatment option

Under certain, very specific case, the vet may use a pelvis-widening procedure to cure your dog. If your dog’s constipation is the result of a pelvic fracture, allow them at least half to one year for the pelvis to return to normal. If the pelvic canal does not enlarge to its normal size, the surgery will take place in which an implant is placed between the two pelvic bones in an area considered as the pelvic symphysis. Your dog will probably stay several days in the hospital and will have to take stool softeners while the surgery site heals, until normal function is returned.  This process may be required to last for six months or more.

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